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Pregnancy is an exciting, challenging and often stressful time as your body changes and you emotionally and mentally prepare for the new life you are set to bring into the world.
For Meghan Markle, reportedly now in her third trimester, this should be a time for relaxation and calmness.
As she enters her third trimester, friends are concerned for Meghan's emotional well-being. (Image: Getty Images)
The latest incident to cause a rise in Meghan's stress levels, sees her father, Thomas Markle, revealing to the media a very personal five-page letter she penned shortly before her wedding to Harry in May 2018.
In the letter, Megan addresses the heartbreak over interviews Thomas gave to the press, as well as his fabricated stories against Prince Harry: "Your actions have broken my heart into a million pieces — not simply because you have manufactured such unnecessary and unwarranted pain."
For Meghan in the latter stages of her pregnancy, this stressful situation with her father could lead to dire consequences for not only her own health, but it poses serious health risks for her unborn baby too.
Causes of stress during pregnancy
The causes of stress during pregnancy can differ widely. For some mamas-to-be, being pregnant is stressful in itself as they struggle to cope with the physical changes. For others, there can be bigger factors at play, such as a fall-out with family (like in Meghan's case), a relationship breakdown, a passing of a loved one and a culmination everyday stresses like, battling traffic and managing a household.
Symptoms of stress
Stress can cause many physical, emotional, mental, and social symptoms, including:
• Problems sleeping
• Fast breathing and a racing pulse
• Obsessive thoughts
• Worry or anxiety
• Eating problems (too much or too little food, or the wrong types of food)
• Trouble relaxing or winding down
Severe, long-term stress can cause the following complications when left untreated:
• High blood pressure
• Gestational diabetes
• Weakened immune system
• Severe depression
Meghan's in the middle of a heartbreaking rift with her father, Thomas Markle. (Image: Getty Images)
How stress can affect your unborn baby
Chronic stress can have an effect on your unborn baby's physical and mental development. Emotional stress stimulates the release of cortisol hormone, which increases with the severity of stress.
In extreme situations, the following could occur:
• The baby could be born preterm, which could result in digestive problems, respiratory issues, low immunity and death of the infant in some cases.
• Full-term babies may be born underweight and have poor immune system. It can also cause hypoxia (inadequate oxygen supply during birthtime), which can lead to long-term developmental consequences in babies.
• Increased risk of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in later life.
Finding ways manage stress and look after your emotional well-being can ensure a positive pregnancy experience and reduce the risk of health complications for you and your baby.
One way Meghan relaxes is by yoga. A long-time yoga devotee, she has continued to practice throughout her pregnancy. Meghan has said yoga is "so good for healing your mind" so hopefully this practice is working wonders for her emotional well-being.
To reduce stress, try the following:
• Try relaxation techniques such as prenatal yoga (like Meghan), meditation or simply relax with a book or in front of your favourite TV show.
• Go for walk or do some light physical activity.
• Talk to friends, family or a health professional to work through your troubles and for emotional support.
• Eat a healthy, well-balanced diet.
• Be aware of what is making you stressed and work through a way to calmly deal with it.
• Spend time with people who make you feel calm and ask for help when you need it.
Help and support
If you are unable to cope with stress, there is support and resources available to help: